55. Scrutiny of nominations

  1. On the date fixed for the scrutiny of nominations under section 49, the candidates, their election agents, one proposer of each candidate and one other person duly authorised in writing by each candidates, but no other person, may attend at such time and place as the returning officer may appoint; and the returning officer shall give them all reasonable facilities for examining the nomination papers of all candidates which have been delivered within the time and in the manner laid down in section 52.
  2. The returning officer shall then examine the nomination papers and shall decide all objections which may be made to any nomination and may, either on such objection or on his own motion, after such summary inquiry, if any, as he thinks necessary, reject any nomination on any of the following grounds, namely: -
    1. that on the date fixed for the scrutiny of nominations, the candidate is either not qualified or is disqualified for being chosen to fill the seat under any of the provisions of this Act;
    2. that there has been failure to comply with any of the provisions of section 52 or section 53; or
    3. if he is satisfied that the signature of the candidate or the proposer on the nomination paper is not genuine.
  3. Nothing contained in clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to authorise the rejection of the nomination of any candidate on the ground of any irregularity in respect of a nomination paper, if the candidate has been duly nominated by means of another nomination paper in respect of which no irregularity has been committed.
  4. The returning officer shall not reject any nomination paper on the ground of any defect, which is not of a substantial nature.
  5. The retuning officer shall hold the scrutiny on the date appointed in this behalf under clause (b) of section 49 and shall not allow any adjournment of the proceedings except when such proceedings are interrupted or obstructed by riot or open violence or by cause beyond his control;
    Provided that in case an objection is raised by the returning officer or is made by any other person the candidate concerned may be allowed time to rebut it not later than the next working day but one following the date fixed for scrutiny, and the returning officer shall record his decision on the date to which the proceedings have been adjourned.
  6. The returning officer shall endorse on each nomination paper his decision accepting or rejecting the same and, if the nomination paper is rejected, shall record in writing a brief statement of his reasons for such rejection.
  7. For the purpose of this section, a certified copy of an entry in the electoral roll for the time being in force of a constituency shall be conclusive evidence of the fact that the person referred to in that entry is an elector for that constituency, unless it is proved that he is subject to a disqualification mentioned in section 17.
  8. Immediately after all the nomination papers have been scrutinised and decisions accepting or rejecting the same have been recorded, the returning officer shall prepare a list of validly nominated candidates and affix it on his notice board.