(Article 243G)

1. Agriculture, including agricultural extension.

2. Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation.

3. Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development.

4. Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry.

5. Fisheries.

6. Social forestry and farm forestry.

7. Minor forest produce.

8. Small scale industries, including food processing industries.

9. Khadi, village and cottage industries.

10. Rural housing.

11. Drinking water.

12. Fuel and fodder.

13. Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways and other means of communication.

14. Rural electrification, including distribution of electricity.

15. Non-conventional energy sources.

16. Poverty alleviation programme.

17. Education, including primary and secondary schools.

18. Technical training and vocational education.

19. Adult and non-formal education.

20. Libraries.

21. Cultural activities.

22. Markets and fairs.

23. Health and sanitation, including hospitals, primary health centres and dispensaries.

24. Family welfare.

25. Women and child development.

26. Social welfare, including welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded.

27. Welfare of the weaker sections, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

28. Public distribution system.

29. Maintenance of community assets.".



 (Article 243W)


1.  Urban planning including town planning.

2.  Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings.

3.  Planning for economic and social development.

4.  Roads and bridges.

5.  Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.

6.  Public  health,  sanitation conservancy and solid  waste  management.

7.  Fire services.

8.  Urban  forestry, protection of the environment and  promotion  of    ecological aspects.

9.  Safeguarding  the  interests  of    weaker  sections  of  society,     including the handicapped and mentally retarded.

10.  Slum improvement and upgradation.

11.  Urban poverty alleviation.

12.  Provision  of  urban  amenities and facilities  such  as  parks,      gardens, playgrounds.

13.  Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects.

14.  Burials  and burial grounds;   cremations, cremation grounds  and      electric crematoriums.

15.  Cattle pounds;  prevention of cruelty to animals.

16.  Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.

17.  Public  amenities  including street lighting, parking  lots,  bus     stops and public conveniences.

18.  Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries.''.